Archive for May, 2006

Dividend ETFs

May 17, 2006


A few years back, the iShares Dow Jones Select Dividend Index Fund (DVY) was the only ETF available for investors looking to boost the dividend yield of their portfolios. Today, eight dividend ETFs are available in the US market based on various indices from Dow Jones, Mergent, Standard & Poors and Morningstar. Seven of them are based on US equities and the PowerShares International Dividend Achievers Portfolio (PID) is based on international equities. A recent article in BusinessWeek magazine provides a nice summary of the dividend ETFs. Canadian investors have one more option in the form of the iShares CDN Dividend Index Fund (TSX: XDV).

Related posts:

  1. New Dividend ETF
  2. New iUnits ETFs
  3. New PowerShares Dividend ETFs
  4. S&P Dividend Aristocrats Index

Reducing Exposure to Commodities

May 16, 2006

Comments are Disabled

The TSX Composite Index has an exposure of 28% to energy and 14% to the materials sector. The past few days, in which the TSX Index fell triple digits for three straight days, indicate that such a high weighting to the commodities sector can be dangerous. Globe and Mail columnist, Rob Carrick, has written a timely column on reducing exposure to the volatile commodities sector using the iShares (The old iUnits ETFs are now called iShares) Dividend Index Fund (XDV) and some of the iShares sector ETFs like the XEG (Energy) and XMA (Materials).

My personal opinion is that the Canadian market is narrow and shallow enough that investors can slowly build up positions in different industries using representative equities. For instance, the financial sector can be represented by two banks and one insurance company, energy by a senior and an intermediate producer and utilities by one electricity producer and one pipeline company. Some sectors like health care, consumer staples and information technology have better representation in US equities.

Labour Funds Are Best Avoided

May 15, 2006


The broker made money and the firm made money – and two out of three ain’t bad. – Old Wall Street joke

I have been highly negative on labour-sponsored funds or venture capital mutual funds before. Partly, it has to do with my personal experience: my very first investment was a venture capital fund that I bought on the recommendation of a financial advisor that is down 60% from my buying price (not taking the tax refunds into account). I cannot even sell the fund and move on because I purchased it inside my RRSP and selling it now would mean a total write-off (after paying back the tax refund).

Jonathan Chevreau writes in The Financial Post today that he sold some of his labour funds despite having to pay back tax credits (fortunately, he bought them outside his RRSPs). The article and an accompanying table of returns make a devastating case against these funds for most average investors:

  • Out of 21 funds listed in the table, fully 16 have a MER higher than 3%. Four funds sport a MER of more than 5% and astonishingly two funds charge fees of 11.69% and 13.35%. The fund I own, Growthworks Canadian Fund, has a MER of 4.9%.
  • Out of 14 funds with a 5-year track record, only 3 have a positive return. Three funds have lost more than 10% annually for five years.
  • Only 6 funds have a 10-year record, out of which three have negative annual returns. The best record is a 10-year annual return of 5.95%, compared to the BMO Canadian Small Cap Index’s annualized gains of 10.67%.
  • If you think the results are dismal, here is the really shocking news: the results table do not include funds that were merged with others to hide even worse performance. For instance, the labour fund that I actually purchased was called Capital Alliance Ventures and it was merged with Growthworks fund. The true dogs don’t even show up in the data.
  • It turns out that average investors aren’t the only ones who drank the Kool-Aid served by the labour funds industry. Mr. Chevreau writes: I still recall the amusing candour of one executive who had sunk $50,000 of his own money into his own labour fund and lost a substantial chunk of it. Worse, he had to face the ire of friends and family who had also invested in his fund. “I believed my own B.S.”, was his memorable confession to me.

In two years, the day when my eight-year holding period expires on the venture capital fund, I will be dumping it and moving on. I don’t see how investors can possibly profit in investments with an ongoing expenses to the tune of 5% per year and long-term results that suggest difficulty getting a return of your capital, let alone any return on it.

Related posts:

  1. RRSP Tip # 1: Avoid Venture Capital Funds
  2. Portfolio Spring Cleaning